Jammu & Kashmir:
The seasons are marked with sudden change and the
year is divided into six seasons of two months each.
Spring March 15 to May 15.
Summer May 15 to July 15.
Rainy Season July 15 to Sept. 15.
Autumn Sept. 15 to Nov. 15.
Winter Nov. 15 to Jan 15.
Ice Cold Jan. 15 to March 15.
From December 24 to March 8
temperature is often below zero. Strong winds blow
from south and southeast. There is snowfall during
winter and there are thick black clouds in the sky.
At lower altitudes between
450 to 900 m, the climate fluctuates between warm
and sub-tropical. At elevations between 900 and 1800
m, temperatures are more pleasant, supporting
deciduous forests and orchards. At heights beyond
1800m and up to 2400 m, cool temperatures prevail
throughout the year. Cold alpine conditions are
experienced in areas lying between 2400 m and 4800m.
Snow can be experienced at locations above 3000 m
during winter, though altitudes above 4500 m are
permanently clad in snow.
The best time to visit Himachal is between the
middle of February to the end of May, or just before
the monsoons break in June. Dharamsala receives the
highest rainfall in Himachal, while the Lahaul-
Spiti valley receives a mere 50 mm of rain annually.
The climatic condition of
Uttaranchal varies greatly due to variation in
altitude and proximity towards Himalayan ranges.
There are two distinct climatic regions: the
predominant hilly terrain and the small plain
region. The climatic condition of the plains is very
similar to its counterpart in the Gangetic plain,
i.e tropical. Summers are relatively hot and winters
are chilly with temperatures going below 0°C. The
lowest temperature recorded is -3.0°C at Mukteshwar
and highest is 43.2°C at Pantnagar.
Uttaranchal comes under Himalayan region with Alpine
conditions characterized by cold winters with
snowfall for quite a long time, good rainfall in the
monsoon, and mild summers. The overall climate of
the state is salubrious and it attracts millions of
visitors every year to have its natural charm with
Punjab is situated in the North-Eastern part of
India. The Punjab Climate is determined by the
extreme hot and extreme cold conditions. The region
lying near the foot hills of Himalayas receive heavy
rainfall whereas the region lying at a distant from
the hills, the rainfall is scanty and the
temperature is high.
Punjab Climate comprises of three seasons. They are
the summer months that spans from mid April to the
end of June. The rainy season in Punjab is from the
months of early July to end of September. The winter
season in Punjab is experienced during the months of
early December to the end of February. The
transitional Seasons in Punjab are the post monsoon
season and the post winter season.
Summer in Punjab actually commences from mid April.
But the temperature starts rising from February
onwards. The summer months are followed by the rainy
seasons. Generally, the rainy season in Punjab
begins in the first weeks of July. It ranges from
250mm to 1000mm. The agriculture of the state highly
depends on the rains. The monsoon is brought by the
monsoonal winds blowing over the Bay of Bengal. The
winter season in Punjab is mostly experienced in the
month of January, when the temperature falls to 5
degree in the night and it is around 12 degree in
The post monsoonal transitional season remains quite
fair and dry. In the post winter transitional
season, hail storms and brief showers occur which
causes damage to the crops. During the end of the
March, the wind becomes dry. The Punjab Climate has
been a great factor in contributing to the economy
of the state.
The climate of Haryana is continental, with extremes
of heat in summer. The weather remains hot in summer
and markedly cold in winters. The rainfall in the
region is low and erratic except in parts of the
Karnal and Ambala districts.
The rainfall is unevenly distributed, with Shivalik
Hills region being the wettest and the Aravalli
Hills region being the driest. About 80% of the
rainfall is recorded in the monsoon season
(July-September) and sometimes causes local
flooding. The autumn crop and spring sowing depend
on the season from June to the end of September and
the other is the winter rains which occur from
December to February, benefiting the Rabi crop.
The best season to visit the state is during the
spring seasons from February to April and August to
November. Light cotton clothes are recommended for
the summer months whereas woolens are required for
The climate of Rajasthan can be divided into four
seasons: Pre-Monsoons, Monsoon, Post-Monsoon and
Pre-monsoon, which extends from April to June, is
the hottest season, with temperatures ranging from
32oC to 45oC. In western Rajasthan the temp may rise
to 48C, particularly in May and June. At this time,
Rajasthan only hill station, Mt Abu registers the
lowest temperatures. In the desert regions, the
temperatures drops in night. Prevailing winds are
from the west and sometimes carry dust storms (we
call them andhi).
The second season Monsoon extends from July to
September, temp drops but humidity increases making
it very un comfortable, even when there is slight
drop in the temp (35oC to 40oC). We have about 90%
of our rains in this period.
The Post-monsoon period is from Oct to December. The
average maximum temperature is 33oC to 38oC, and the
minimum is between 18oC and 20oC.
The fourth season is the winter or cold season, from
January to March. There is a marked variation in
maximum and minimum temperatures, and regional
variations across the state. January is the coolest
month of the year. And temp may drop to 0oC in some
cities of Rajasthan, like Churu. There is slight
precipitation in the north and north-eastern region
of the state, and light winds, predominantly from
the north and north-east. At this time, relative
humidity ranges from 50% to 60% in the morning, and
25% to 35% in the afternoon.
Temp & Rainfall:
January to March
50oF - 80oF
4MM - 7MM
April to June
75oF - 105oF
11MM - 30MM
July to September
70oF - 95oF
100MM - 165MM
October to December
55oF - 85oF
3MM - 8MM
The climate of Uttar Pradesh varies from Temperate
in Eastern Uttar Pradesh to Extreme in Western UP to
Semi Arid in Bundelkhand and Agra zone. Therefore it
is extremely difficult to categorize it a particular
climatic frame. Nevertheless, summers are very hot
and winters are bit chilly.
Weather in summer:
It is very hot in the summers across the Uttar
Pradesh but there is a slight fall in temperature as
we move from western UP towards East. Summer season
persists from April to August. The daytime
temperature remains very high and usually touches
around 45°C in Western Uttar Pradesh and Agra zone
where as it remains around 42°C in Eastern Utter
Pradesh. Night are relatively cooler typical of
extreme climate and the temperature comes down to as
low as 28 °C because of the cool breeze. Dew is very
common in all the parts of Uttar Pradesh.
Weather in winter:
Winters in Uttar Pradesh are a lot cooler with day
temperature pleasant around 24°C. And nights are
chilly with temperature getting as low as 2 to 4°C
across the state. Earlier Eastern regions were
comparatively warmer but due to persistent change in
the weather trends, even these areas fall under
intense cold wave. Cities like Allahabad and
Varanasi are continuously seeing mercury dipping to
freezing point. The winter falls around Mid-November
and continue till February end.
Weather in monsoon:
As Uttar Pradesh stretches from North India towards
Eastern, the rainfall varies considerably. While the
South West monsoon is very moderate in Western Uttar
Pradesh it rains very heavily in short spells as far
as Oudh and Eastern regions are concerned. The
average annual rainfall varies from 105-110
centimeters in places like Allahabad, Varanasi and
Azamgarh to as low as 45-50 centimeters in Agra,
Ghaziabad and Merrut. Relative humidity in semi-arid
regions such as Agra, Firozabad and Dadri is very
high to the point where it becomes uncomfortable.
The western disturbance too brings fair amount of
rainfall. Approximate average annual rainfall in the
state is around 65-70 centimeters.
The climate of Bihar is a part of the climatic
pattern of the Indian subcontinent. It enjoys a
continental monsoon type of climate owing to its
great distance from the sea.
The winter season extends from December to February
and the summers from the month of March to May. The
Southwest monsoon accounts for most of the rainfall
in the state extending from June to September. The
retreating southwest monsoon is from October to
Bihar is mildly cold in the winter (the lowest
temperatures being around 5 to 10 degrees Celsius;
41 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit). It is very hot in the
summer season (40 to 45 degrees Celsius; 104 to 114
degrees Fahrenheit). October & November and February
& March is the time when the state has a pleasant
Gujarat weather, an inevitable part of the geography
of Gujarat, has certain characteristics that mark it
special among the other western regions of India.
Gujarat weather is marked by an arid and dry
climate, with a little bit of rain during the
Gujarat weather shows two distinctive traits. In the
northern region, Gujarat weather is marked by a dry
and arid climate; whereas in the south, one can find
a moist weather owing to the Arabian Sea and the
Gulf of Cambay.
Normally, the Gujarat weather is divided into four
The winter season (November -
The summer season (March - May)
The monsoon season (June -
The autumn season (October)
Winters in Gujarat are mild,
pleasant and dry. The day temperature in winter is
around 83º F and at night is 53º F. Summers are
extremely hot, with the day time temperature being
115º F, and the night temperature being 90º F. In
Gujarat, monsoon is generally hot and utterly humid.
The temperature at day is 100º F but at night it
falls down to 80º F. Sometimes severe flood also
occurs in some parts of the region during monsoon.
The monsoon is, indeed, a characteristic feature of
the Gujarat weather because the other parts of the
western India is devoid of any rainfall. Studying
the geography of Gujarat, one can find that the
rainfall in Gujarat varies from place to place - the
average rainfall varies from 33 to 152 centimeters.
The northern region receives a rainfall ranging from
51 to 102 centimeters; whereas the southern region
receives 76 to 152 centimeters of rainfall.
Rainfall in the southern regions of Saurashtra and
the Gulf of Cambay is low compared to the other
parts of Gujarat. The arid regions around the Rann
of Kutch faces an acute scarcity of water, due to
lack of rainfall in these areas.
Therefore, it is evident that the Gujarat weather
has its own distinct characteristics and is unique
in its own way!
Nepal has great variations in its climatic
conditions. But the weather conditions are generally
predicatable and pleasent. Spring and autumn are the
most pleasant seasons in Nepal and most apt for
touring the counrty. Winter temperatures drop to
freezing degrees with a high level of snowfall in
the mountains. Summer and late spring temperatures
range from 28ºC (83ºF) in the hill regions to more
than 40ºC (104ºF) in the Terai.
In winter, the average maximum and minimum
temperatures in the Terai range from a brisk 7ºC
(45ºF) to a mild 23ºC (74ºF). The central valleys
experience a minimum temperature often falling
bellow freezing point and a chilly 12ºC (54ºF)
maximum. Much colder temperatures prevail at higher
elevations. The Kathmandu Valley, at an altitude of
1310 m (4297ft), has a mild climate, ranging from
19-27ºC (67-81ºF) in summer, and 2-20ºC (36-68ºF) in
Climatic Seasons in
Cold Winters in the month
of November to February with minimum temperatures
dipping to 4 centigrade during January - February.
It is between the month of March and early May when
sunshine is quite abundant. Though summer is
officially from May to October, Sikkim is almost
always wet due to the heavy monsoons, with rains at
times continuing for days on ends. Longest recorded
nonstop rain is 11 days. September to October is
Autumn. A peculiar feature of Sikkim weather is that
though there is a classification of sorts of the
various seasons, actually experiences a cold winter
from end of November to February and monsoons
throughout the year with a little respite during May
- June and October - November. Even the winter
months can be irritatingly wet and damp with the
BEST SEASON TO VISIT:
March to June and September to December
28 ° C
0 ° C
325 cm. RF / Year.
varies; tropical in southern plains; cool winters
and hot summers in central valleys; severe winters
and cool summers in Himalayas.
It is difficult to accurately generalize the climate
of Bhutanbecause of the variations in elevations and
seasons. outhern Bhutanhas a tropical climate with
hot humid monsoons. Spring in the higher valleys
(mid-March to May) has warm days (20 °C) and cool
nights. June marks the beginning of summer when day
temperatures warm up to 27 - 29 °C. By July, the
rainy season starts and continue till mid-September.
The autumn months of September to November are ideal
for trekking with clear skies and mild weather. In
December temperatures fall, but the days are warm
and the clear, azure winter skies serve a striking
background to the snow-capped peaks. On a sunny day,
temperatures reach about 16-18 ° C. The nights,
however, are cold with temperatures falling below
In proportion to the altitude, the weather of
Arunachal Pradesh differs, i.e. areas sited at
higher altitude observe tundra climate, areas at
lesser elevation enjoy temperate weather, and
sea-level areas experience sub-tropical climate. In
the Upper Himalayas, where elevation is really high,
alpine or tundra type of weather is experienced
while temperate climate is enjoyed in the Middle
Himalayas. Below the Himalayas at sea-level, people
find the climate to be humid sub-tropical,
specifically, hot summers and pleasant winters.
It receives heavy showers about 2,000 to 4,000 mm
between the months of May and September yearly. The
summer season extends from March to May, making the
plain areas quite warm. Winters officially arrive in
November and prevail till the month of February.
During summers, the maximum temperature recorded in
the foothills is 40ºC; however, average temperature
during winters varies from 15ºC to 21ºC. The areas
sited at high altitude become immensely cold during
winters. Arunachal Pradesh is best to visit during
the months of October-March.
Location: 90.36' E to 97.30' E, 26.42' N to 29.30' N
Area: 83,743 sq. km
In the North-Eastern part of India, Arunachal
Pradesh is located in the foothills of the
Himalayas. This naturally beautiful state lies
between the latitudes of 26.42' N to 29.30' N and
longitudes of 90.36' E to 97.30' E. It shares its
borders with only two Indian states, Assam in the
south and Nagaland in the south-east. As regards
other countries, Myanmar lies to its east, Bhutan to
its west, and Tibet to its north.
The extended Himalayan ranges in the eastern part
separates the state from China. Further the ranges
widen near Nagaland, and form a frontier among India
and Burma in Changlang and Tirap district. Its
topography is illustrated by mountainous ranges and
sub-mountainous terrains beside the northern parts.
Rivers, like Brahmaputra, Kameng, Siang, Lohit,
Subansiri, Tirap, etc. flow through its expanse, and
provide fresh waters to the dwellers.
Assam, essentially, observes temperate climate. Its
weather is characterized by heavy downpour and
humidity. The hilly areas usually experience
sub-alpine climatic condition, while excessive
sultriness is observed in the plain lands of Assam.
Though summer, winter and monsoons are the three
seasons that visit the state, rainy season marks the
most of the months of a year. Summers prevail for a
few months between March and June.
However, temperature never goes beyond 35°C - 38°C
even in the summer months. Rain showers occur
erratically and keep the temperature under control,
nevertheless humidity levels shoot up. In the
late-June, monsoon arrives with the oath to drench
the state. Usually the intensity of rainfall crosses
the extent and leads to natural catastrophes like
floods. During the afternoons, thunderstorms are
very common. Such heavy precipitation lasts till the
month of September.
During these months, rainfall appears at its utmost
form in Assam. From late-October to late-February,
winter season exists in the state marked by minimum
temperature of 6°C to 8°C. During winter, nights and
early mornings are misty. This is only time when
Assam observes scanty rainfall. Spring and autumn
seasons continue to carry moderate temperatures and
less rainfall, making the most suitable seasons to
Location: 24°8' - 28°2' N, 89°42' - 96° E
Area: 78,438 km²
Assam is to be found in the central part of
north-east India. It extends between the latitudes
of 24°8' N - 28°2' N and longitudes of 89°42' E -
96° E. The T-shaped state is sprawled in an area of
78,438 km². It is bordered by the Indian states of
Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram,
Tripura, Meghalaya, and West Bengal. Assam shares
its international borders with Bhutan and
Bangladesh. It is connected to the rest of the
country through a narrow strip known as Chicken's
Neck in West Bengal.
It comprises the northern Brahmaputra valley, the
middle Karbi and Cachar hills and the southern Barak
valley. The presence of mighty Brahmaputra River has
transformed the land into a fertile zone where
numerous cash crops are grown today. Due to its
geographical location and climatic conditions, Assam
is credited for having quality alluvial soil. In
fact, its economy highly depends on agriculture
based activities. Crude oil and natural gas are also
found in the region. Assam also has astonishing
wealth in the form of dense tropical forests, paddy
fields and lush tea gardens.
The salubrious mountain climate of Nagaland is
responsible for the health and well being of the
citizens of the state and its visitors. The climate
is an important component in the study of the
geography of Nagaland state. Various factors like
the altitude, geographical coordinates, distance
from the sea and the wind direction influence the
climate in Nagaland.
The hilly terrains of the northeastern state of
Nagaland is instrumental in shaping the cool and
pleasant climatic conditions. Summer is the shortest
season in the state that lasts for only a few
months. The temperature during the summer season
remains between the 16 degrees Celsius to 31 degrees
Celsius. The torrential monsoon downpours continues
nonstop during the months of June, July, August and
September. Heavy rainfall occurs between the months
of May and August. September and October months
influence occasional showers. The recorded average
annual rainfall of the state ranges from
2000mm-2500mm. Winter makes an early arrival in the
state of Nagaland. The temperature drops as low as
of 4 degree Celsius in winter. Bitter cold and dry
weather strikes certain regions of the state. The
maximum average temperature recorded in the winter
season is 24 degrees Celsius. The higher altitudes
are enveloped in snow. Strong north west winds blow
across Nagaland during the months of February and
Meghalaya is blessed with a moderate but humid
climate. With an average annual rainfall as high as
1200 cm in some areas, Meghalaya receives the
highest amount of rainfall in the country in a year.
The western part of the plateau, comprising of the
Garo Hills Region with lower elevations, experiences
high temperatures for most of the year. The climate
is warm and humid, except in the winter season.
The climate of Khasi and Jaintia Hills is uniquely
pleasant and bracing. It is neither too warm in
summer nor too cold in winters.
The Shillong area, with the highest elevations,
experiences generally low temperatures. The maximum
temperature in this region rarely goes beyond 28
degrees, whereas winters temperatures of sub-zero
degrees are common.
The town of Cherrapunji in the Khasi Hills south of
capital Shillong holds the world record for the
Best time to visit Meghalaya is during the months of
March to July.
Manipur is blessed with a clean climate round the
year. The state has two main seasons separated by
two transitions: the winter season and the monsoon
The winter season is from December to February. Then
is the Pre-Monsoon season in the months of March and
April. Then the monsoon season is there from the
month of May to September, and the last is the
Post-Monsoon season in the month of October and
The southwest monsoon chiefly determines the weather
and rainfall throughout the state. The state has
tropical to temperate climate depending upon
elevation. Rainfall varies from 1000 mms to 3500 mms
and average rainfall is 1500 mms. Temperature ranges
from sub-zero to 36 degree Celsius.
The climate of Tripura is influenced by its location
in the north eastern part of India. The climate in
Tripura displays characteristics that are typical of
the hilly and mountainous region. The change in the
topographical features of the region also causes a
change in the climatic conditions in Tripura. The
seasonal rhythm lays a mesmerizing charm on the
Tripura records a low average temperature of 10
degree Celsius in the winter season which rises to a
maximum average of 35 degree Celsius in the summer.
The altitude of the state also influences the
climatic conditions of Tripura state.
The state of Tripura influences a monsoonal climate
with the well demarcated sub tropical and temperate
zones. The climate along with the other factors of
the terrain and the soil are suitable conditions for
horticulture in the state of Tripura. The
horticultural sector is dependent on the seasonal
rainfall that dominates the seasons of Tripura.
The state of Tripura influences four distinguishable
seasons. The winter prevails from the month of
December to February. The months of March and April
witness the premonsoon season. The longest season of
the state is the monsoon season that continues
between the months of May to September. Tripura
receives maximum rainfall in the month of June. The
state records an average annual rainfall of 2100 mm.
Kamalpur in Tripura receives the maximum amount of
rainfall of 2855 mm while Sonamura receives the
lowest average of 1811 mm.
The general climate of Mizoram is one of the most
pleasing one in the country. With moderate
temperatures throughout the year, the Mizoram
climate is loved by the tourists and visitors.
The summers are not very hot as the temperature
remains between 20º to 30º Centigrade. The winters
are very pleasing and cool with temperatures ranging
from 21º to 11º Centigrade. Mizoram witnesses heavy
rainfall in all parts of the state during the rainy
season. Monsoon starts from June and lasts till the
month of August. An annual average rainfall of 3000
millimeters is recorded in the state. During the
months of March to April, heavy storms occur in most
parts of the state.
A report of a normal day during the summer will give
a rough idea of the usual weather of Mizoram.
Climate of the state in general is tropical with hot
summers and cold winters. There are regional
variations and some parts of the state like Ranchi,
Netarhat, and Parasnath have a pleasant climate even
during the summers. Maximum rainfall takes place
during the months from July to September that
accounts for more than 90% of total rainfall in the
West Bengal's climate varies between tropical
savanna in the southern portions and humid
sub-tropical in the north. There are four main
seasons viz. summer, monsoon, a short autumn, and
The delta region experiences more humidity in the
atmosphere during summer season; the western
highlands experience a dry summer like northern
India, with day temperature ranging from 38 °C to 45
The nights are comparatively cool carrying moisture
from the Bay of Bengal. The early summer is welcomed
by brief squalls and thunderstorms known as
Kalbaisakhi (Nor'westers). The state gets torrential
rain between June and September.
The winter session starts from
October and continues till February. The climate of
the southern region during winter months is pleasant
but there is heavy snowfall in the Himalayan
One of the most important aspects that determine the
time of a pleasure trip to a place is undoubtedly
its weather and climate. Madhya Pradesh, ocated in
the geographic heart of India, is a land of varied
topography. From hilly areas, dramatic ravines and
forested plains to river basins, the place clasps
myriad facets of nature in its lap. Moreover, with a
land that extends to an area of about 3,08,144 sq
km, climatic discrepancies and differences are
noticed amongst its various regions. In the
following lines, we offer you complete information
on the weather of Madhya Pradesh.
Madhya Pradesh experiences severe atrocities of the
summer season. As the state falls in the Central
Region of India and is located at a considerable
distance from the sea, summers here are very
extreme. The temperature starts ascending from the
month of March. In this season, the mercury level
soars to severe heights. In fact, May is probably
the hottest month of the year in the state. Weather
remains extremely hot and humid. The mean maximum
temperature rises to around 42.5oC in the northern
region. However, in most of the places, the mean
maximum temperature remains around 35oC to 40oC.
With the onset of June, the temperature slowly
declines. Clouds envelop the sky, fed by the Arabian
Sea and the Bay of Bengal, and bring a lot of
changes to the climatic conditions of the state.
Monsoon begins towards the end of June and lasts
till September. The place experiences frequent
spells of rain that enlivens the whip-lashed land of
the summer. Maximum downpour happens between the
months of June and September, with a little rainfall
during December and January, due to the low pressure
build up in the atmosphere. The average rainfall
however varies from region to region.
Unlike the scorching summer heat, winters in Madhya
Pradesh remains extremely pleasant and bracing. The
end of the monsoon season acts as the harbinger of
the winter months. Between the months of November
and February, it is winter season and it is in fact,
the best time to plan a trip to the state. There is
a sharp decline in the mercury level, especially
during the months of December and January. The
severity of the winters is generally experienced
more in the northern regions of the state. The
average winter temperature in the state ranges from
10oC to 27oC.
The climate of Chhattisgarh is mainly tropical. It
is hot and humid because of its proximity to the
Tropic of Cancer. It is dependent completely on the
monsoons for rains.
Summer in Chhattisgarh is from April to June, and
can be uncomfortably hot, with the mercury hitting
the high 40's.
Monsoon season is from middle and late June to
October and is a wonderful time to visit
Chhattisgarh. The rains provide a welcome relief
from the scorching summer heat and the whole state
is covered with greens and waterfalls are at their
Winter season is from November to January is also a
good time to visit Chhattisgarh. Winters are
pleasant with low temperatures and less humidity.
Standing on the coastal belt, the weather in Orissa
is greatly influenced by the sea. The climate of the
region is tropical resulting in very high
temperature in the months of April and May. On the
contrary, the Eastern Ghats of the state experience
an extremely cold climate.
Climate in Orissa - There are three major seasons -
Summer (March-June), Rainy Season (July-September)
and the Winter (October-February). Orissa lying just
South of the Tropic of Cancer, has a tropical
climate. It is warm almost throughout the year in
the Western districts of Sundergarh, Sambalpur,
Baragarh, Bolangir, Kalahandi and Mayurbhanj with
maximum temperature hovering between 40-46° C and in
winter, it is intolerably cool. In the coastal
districts, the climate is equable but highly humid
and sticky. The summer maximum temperature ranges
between 35-40° C and the low temperatures are
usually between 12-14° C. Winter is not very severe
except in some areas in Koraput and Phulbani where
minimum temperature may drop to 3-4° C.
The average rainfall is 150 cm, experienced as the
result of south west monsoon during July-September.
The month of July is the wettest and the major
rivers may get flooded. The state also experiences
small rainfall from the retreating monsoon in the
months of October-November. January and February are
The climate of Maharashtra is moderate, with
variations in temperature ranging between 16°C and
35°C. July to September are the months when monsoon
lashes this state with good rainfall. This does not
mean that the whole state gets uniform rainfall; a
large part of inner Maharashtra remains dry in
comparison to other areas under the rain shadow of
the Sahyadri. Cotton clothing are apt all through
the year and light woolens are required for the
Summer: (March to June) Warm
Monsoon: (July to September) Warm
Winter: (October to February) Cool
Despite its size, India has a single time zone. It
is 2-1/2 hours behind Hong Kong and Singapore, 5-1/2
hours ahead of London (GMT), 4-1/2 hours ahead of
British Summer Time, 10-1/2 hours ahead of New York
and 13-1/2 hours ahead of San Francisco.
Andhra Pradesh, owing to its proximity to the sea,
enjoys a moderate climate throughout the year. The
state faces a hot summer but after the rain begins
in the middle of June, there is a decline in the
temperature as humidity takes over. Summer season
starts from mid-April and continues till mid-July;
the rainy season starts thereafter.
Andhra Pradesh receives most of its annual rainfall
from the south-west monsoon as well as from the
north-east monsoon. The south-west monsoon begins in
the second week of June and lasts till September
while the north-east monsoon begins between October
and November. The state's coastal belt receives
heavy rains during the north east monsoon and is
also subject to cyclones causing enormous damage to
residential accommodation and to standing crops. The
rainfall decreases from north to south. Northern
parts of the state receive heavy rainfall from the
south-west monsoon while the southern areas like
Rayalaseema receive more rainfall from north-east
The state experiences a mild winter in December but
the temperature hardly goes down below 16 °C. The
hot season causes the mercury to rise to troublesome
proportions in the months of April and May when it
could shoot up to 40 degrees or even higher.
The weather in Karnataka is generally warm and dry
across different regions. The summer season from
March to May is hot, very dry and generally
uncomfortable. With the onset of monsoon in June,
the humidity level rises and the weather becomes
slightly bearable due to reduced day temperatures.
The brief winter season lasts from January to
February and there is no substantial drop in
temperatures. The weather becomes a pleasant one
from October to March, covering the post-monsoon and
winter seasons. Intermittent spells of rain
associated with north-east monsoon affects the
south-eastern parts of the state during October to
The brief winter season lasts from January to
February and there is no substantial drop in
temperatures. The weather becomes a pleasant one
from October to March, covering the post-monsoon and
winter seasons. Intermittent spells of rain
associated with north-east monsoon affects the
south-eastern parts of the state during October to
Tamil Nadu has a tropical climate with no wild swing
between summer and winter temperature. April and May
are the hottest months with the mercury often
soaring above the 40 ºC mark.
Coastal regions also get uncomfortably warm and
humid during these months but the nights are usually
cool, thanks to the sea breeze that sets in during
the afternoons. Summer temperatures are quite
equable at the foothills of the ghats.
But the most pleasant are the hills stations where
the maximum temperature rarely rises above the mid
twenties in summer.
'Winter' falls between November-February when the
climate is pleasantly cool unless you wish to visit
the hill stations, in which case you will need
woollens. Minimum temperatures in the plains rarely
dip below 20 ºC while in the hills the mercury may
drop to 5 ºC or below.
The important point to remember about Tamil Nadu is
the rainy season between October and December when
the north-east monsoon brings rain in spurts.
Kerala has tropical Climate just like other parts of
India. The State does not have a continues dry spell
as is in rest of India. It is summer time from April
The maximum temperature remains around 33 degree
centigrade. Monsoon touches the state in June and
remains there till September though not much
difference in temperature can be felt.
Winter is from October to January and temperature
drops a bit. The weather is never too chilly in
Kerala. Maximum temperature of the State rarely rise
above 32 degrees while minimum temperature at sea
level does not go below 20 degree centigrade.
Kerala, the land surrounded by pristine waters of
the Arabian Sea, has an equable climate that varies
from season to season.
The presence of the Western Ghats on the eastern
side of the state and across the path of the
southwest monsoon creates an important climatic zone
with copious rainfall on the windward side and a dry
belt on the lee eastern side.
The Climate of Kerala can be clasified roughly into
three categories. The summer which lasts from March
to May followed by the southwest monsoon spell
lasting until the middle of October and the
northeast monsoons taking over the relay, lingering
on till the month of February.